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The Journal on Active Aging brings articles of value to professionals dedicated to older-adult quality of life. Content sweeps across the active-aging landscape to focus on education and practice. Find articles of interest by searching the article archives in three ways: Enter a keyword in the articles search bar; click on search by topic; or type a keyword or phrase in the general search bar at the top of the page.

Topic- Physical wellness

 

Communicate the value of warm-up, cool-down and stretching  by Christine Schnitzer and Patty Trela, PT, DPT-1455

Communicate the value of warm-up, cool-down and stretching by Christine Schnitzer and Patty Trela, PT, DPT

••Warm-up, cool-down and safe stretching should be part of every group class. But as fitness instructors, how can we communicate the importance of proper pre-activity warm-up and post-activity cool-down/stretching to our clients who use fitness centers independently?

As exercise leaders, we encourage people to take ownership of their health by becoming and staying physically active for life. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that for people over the age of 65 to realize the health benefits that exercise brings, they should get 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week and do muscle-strengthening activities two or more days per week (1). This guideline serves to motivate people to add use of a treadmill, seated recumbent cross-trainer, stationary bicycle and similar equipment to their fitness program when it is convenient for them to do so.

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Physical wellness

Rowing across the generations by Gary Gordon, PhD-1452

Rowing across the generations by Gary Gordon, PhD

In 1886, when the Duluth (Minnesota) Rowing Club was formed (1), Grover Cleveland was president, the Statue of Liberty was freshly cast, and Coca-Cola had just been invented. Then, rowing was a sport for young men. Today, rowing welcomes men and women, from ninth graders to centenarians. Some race on a 2,000-meter course (2,187 yards) and others prefer recreational rowing.

You’ve watched rowing as part of the Olympic Games, but perhaps haven’t given it much thought beyond that. To explain, boats with two oars per rower are known as “sculls” (which is also another name for the oars themselves). You row backward, so you can see where you’ve been. Sculls can be an individual or a team-building sport. For example, quads are racing shells that are 41 feet long and 2 feet wide; they hold four rowers. They can be used for competition or recreation. These boats are long and sleek, with seats that slide backward and forward on rails. Fixed sets of “shoes,” called stretchers, anchor the rowers’ feet.

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Physical wellness

Sedentary behavior: the new physical activity frontier?  by Paul Gardiner, PhD-1444

Sedentary behavior: the new physical activity frontier? by Paul Gardiner, PhD

It’s a given that participation in moderate-to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) can minimize some of the physiologic changes associated with aging, and alter the progression and development of chronic disease and disabling conditions. Current guidelines for older adults recommend 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity or 75 minutes of vigorous physical activity each week. But is that enough for good health?

Recent evidence underlines the importance of also focusing on sedentary behaviors—the high amount of time that people spend sitting during their “non-exercising” waking hours (1, 2).

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Physical wellness

Use the stairs for physical activity  by Kathie C. Garbe, PhD, MCHES-1442

Use the stairs for physical activity by Kathie C. Garbe, PhD, MCHES

Participation in physical activity has the potential to positively change the way we live and age. An abundance of research shows that regular physical activity has been associated with a decreased risk of death and disability from a number of prevalent diseases such as diabetes, cancer, heart disease, stroke and osteoporosis (1, 2, 3). Regular physical activity helps maintain balance and prevent falls and fall-related injuries, prevent cognitive decline, manage chronic disease and pain and improve mental outlook, especially in depression (4, 5).

In addition, physical activity maintains and improves quality of life by reducing disease and preserving independence (6, 7). Also, we know that increasing physical activity may prove the most effective strategy for the prevention of heart disease, the leading cause of death for both men and women (8, 9).

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Physical wellness

Whole body vibration, part two: what's the most effective protocol? by Joseph Signorile, PhD-1381

Whole body vibration, part two: what's the most effective protocol? by Joseph Signorile, PhD

For any exercise device or intervention to be effective, it must be used correctly. This may seem a simple concept, but its application can be difficult. It may also take years to develop all the questions concerning the most effective protocols. Given the number of whole body vibration (WBV) devices, the available settings on each device, and the number of different exercises and patterns of training that you can use with WBV, the question should not be, What is the best protocol? Rather, we should be asking, What is the best protocol to improve a given parameter—strength, power, balance, etc.—in older adults and on what type of machine?

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Physical wellness

Whole body vibration, part one: what's shakin' now? by Joseph Signorile, PhD-1360

Whole body vibration, part one: what's shakin' now? by Joseph Signorile, PhD

Whole body vibration (WBV) has received considerable exposure as one of the new technical innovations in exercise. In my 2006 article “Whole body vibration training: a new wave in exercise intervention for older adults?” published in this journal, I reviewed the findings in the literature that examined the feasibility of using WBV as an intervention to address people’s needs as they age. A good deal of research has been done since that review, and this paper is intended to bring you up to date on the latest findings.

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Physical wellness

Total items: 78

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