Actions and exercises to improve posture by Kathy M. Shipp, PT, MHS, PhD
It is true that gravity takes its toll as we age. The pull of gravity on our bodies over decades of living can result in body alignment that brings the head, shoulders and upper back forward. These changes occur gradually, so often people do not realize the changes have occurred and have become fixed; a person may suddenly realize that bringing the head up and back, pulling the shoulders back, and reducing the forward curve of the spine is not possible.
Fortunately, attention to good alignment throughout every day and targeted exercise can prevent poor posture with aging. Even those with long-standing poor alignment can improve to some extent.