Strong shoulders: water exercise for rotator cuff health by Mary E. Sanders, PhD, FACSM, RCEP
Joan Stoltz is an active 77-year-old with a long history of exercise and active living. In 1997, as a member of the Golden Waves® functional water fitness study at the University of Nevada, Reno, Joan became an enthusiastic water exerciser. Since that time a series of rotator-cuff shoulder injuries have left Joan with pain that limits her ability to reach overhead, forward and backwards. She has completed a land-based physical therapy program and receives periodic corticosteroid injections to relieve pain. But her physician and physical therapist say there is nothing more they can do to help her. Joan is now back at the pool, wondering what she should do.